The Report on Performance Audit Report No. 03 of 2017on “Modernisation&Strengthening of Police Force” has been prepared for submission to the Governor of Uttar Pradesh under Article 151(2) of the Constitution.
An efficient police force is essential for maintenance of law and order and ensuring effective check on crimes and other unlawful activities. Law and order is a State subject and, therefore, modernisation& strengthening of State Police is the primary responsibility of the State Government. Ministry of Home Affairs, however, introduced a scheme for Modernization of Police Forces (MPF) to supplement the State Governments’ efforts to modernize the State Police by identifying and bridging gaps in availability of equipment, resources and technology. The MPF Scheme is funded on sharing basis by Central and State Governments.
The MPF scheme aims to modernise police forces in terms of mobility, weaponry, communication & equipment, training, forensic science laboratory and buildings. An expenditure of ` 462.87 crore was incurred under MPF scheme during 2011-16 to modernize the State Police. In addition to MPF scheme, State Government also incurred expenditure of ` 2,276.31 crore from its own budget during 2011-16 for development of infrastructure, procurement of vehicles, arms, ammunition, equipment, training etc. to strengthen its police force.
Audit has, therefore, taken up this performance audit to evaluate efficiency & effectiveness of activities related to modernisation& strengthening of police force through MPF scheme and also from State funding, identify gaps in modernisation efforts and make appropriate recommendations to the State Government for taking corrective measures.
Audit noticed that the State Police is still using obsolete weapons and outdated communication technologies, even after decades of introduction of the scheme for modernisation of police forces. Mobility of Police Force for patrolling and other purposes is severely constrained due to acute shortage of vehicles and obsolescence of its fleet. Special Commando Force and Commando Training Centres to handle anti-terrorists operations have still not been established. Forensic Science Labs are ill equipped to handle the increasing number of requests for examination of samples for investigation. The traffic police has few officers and lacks equipment to monitor and control rapidly growing traffic volumes and increasing length of road network. The police training establishment have severe capacity constraints and lacks modern training infrastructure, to impart state of the art training. Procurement of equipment in all the wings of police force is marked with delays, inefficiencies and serious time and cost overruns.
The State still has only about 50 per cent of the police stations against the required number. There is an acute shortage of residential and other than residential accommodation of police personnel and police projects have been inordinately delayed by construction agencies. With a depleted strength of less than 50 per cent of sanctioned manpower, maintenance of law & order and controlling criminal, mafia &naxal activities continues to be a challenging task for the State police force. Given the high incidence of crime and sophistication of technology used by criminal elements, naxal, terrorists etc., in recent years, there is dire need for speeding up the pace of modernisation of State Police, both from Central and State resources.